In this day of age, scientists and the common man are exploding with knowledge and information. The study of genetics is an area with exponential growth in the recent years thanks to technological advances. These advances have allowed for the study of the entire genome of many species, including dogs, to be deciphered.
The “canine genome” is what scientists use to study canine hereditary diseases. Up to this point, there have been more than 500 hereditary disorders discovered that affect dogs. This information results with the need to further and increase scientist’s understanding of the canine genome at which to improve the overall health of dogs.
The genome is made of a chemical called deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA for short.
DNA is the genetic material in cells that holds the inherited instructions for growth, development, and cellular functioning. DNA is a long molecule that contains the body’s unique genetic code.
The phrase “canine genome” refers to the complete DNA makeup of a dog and the genome houses all the information to build a dog. In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into structures called chromosomes.
Chromosomes are large structures strategically placed in various places in a dog’s body composition. To be more specific, chromosomes are microscopic thread-like structure found within each cell of the body, consisting of a complex of proteins and DNA.
Proteins are important building blocks of the body, composed of amino acids, involved in the formation of body structures and controlling the basic functions of the human body. Within the various chromosomes are genes.
Genes are the building blocks of inheritance, which contain the instructions for the production of particular proteins, and are made up of molecular sequences found on a section of DNA. Genes of the same subject can cluster together while others can be scattered about in a more random fashion.
Each gene is found on a precise location on a chromosome. Within each gene holds nucleotides. A nucleotide is one of the structural components, or building blocks, of DNA and RNA. A nucleotide consists of a base which is one of four chemicals: adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine; plus, a molecule of sugar and one of phosphoric acid.
The particular order of these bases is extremely important. This arrangement of the DNA determines which areas are recognized as coding or non-coding. Coding sequences, also known as genes, carry instructions for making products that determine breed characteristics (height, eye color, and fur length, for example), how the body responds to infection, and behavior. Gene transcription is the process by which genetic information is copied from DNA to RNA, resulting in a specific protein formation.
The canine genome has approximately 2.5 billion bases divided among almost 20,000 genes across 39 chromosomes.
Humanities love for pets show 45 million households in the United States own a dog. An estimate of $1500 per year has been calculated as the average total expense for a dog, with 50% being related to or including veterinary services.
These services may include things such as diagnostics and treatment for complex diseases including cancer, epilepsy, heart disease, and autoimmune disease as well as all other basic and common treatments and check-ups required to keep our pets healthy. With ongoing canine genetics research, scientists will continue to be better able to understand the diseases that affects dogs with the development of tests to detect disease early and improve therapies to treat disease.
For more information about genetic tests, check out DNA testing and domestic dogs published in Mammalian Genome Magazine. This article discusses some of the factors that should be considered when using genetic tests.
A Health and Wellness Check-In
As human-kind explores and activates a vast quantity of diverse and strategic health plans for themselves, there are also multiple ways to care for your pet’s health and general well-being. There are some specific actions we can take to ensure the upmost quality of life for our furry family members.
Targeting one single and very valuable element on this voyage of healthy living for all our family members includes the use of vitamins.
Vitamins improve (like for people), a pets’ function ability, energy production, immune system support and hopefully life longevity.
Vitamins are as important for our pets as they are for us as our body’s system and our pet’s system have a lot of the same needs in order to thrive and survive along with similar ways of operating.
Vitamins can assist with internal and external healthy functioning in ways such as regulating body processes, protecting the body from environmental toxins and the breaking down of nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, and fats so the body can utilize them. Vitamins work alongside minerals and enzymes to aid in digestion, reproduction, muscle and bone growth, and the maintenance of healthy skin and hair coat.
It is also important to note that all multivitamins for pets are not created equal.
It is necessary to find the proper combination of nutrients and supplements that can affect the health of your pet in the most powerful, logical and purposeful way. In addition, it is factually found that taking too much of one vitamin can minimize, or eliminate, the benefits of other vitamins ingested.
This is why a proper balance of vitamins is essential for your pet’s optimum health.
Vitamin A, Vitamin B-Complex, Vitamin D, and Vitamin E are all important antioxidants that help maintain a healthy immune system
Researching and discovering the best options for your pet’s health will provide you as their owner a sense of peace and accomplishment knowing all possible steps are being taken in ensuring the happiness and comfort of your canine. As it is said, a dog is a man’s best friend, and we have the privilege in caring for our friends!
To learn more about how the immune system functions, you can read Jon Barron’s informative article, Anatomy and Physiology of the Immune System.
Additional Product for the Extra Active Dog
Canine Red Cell is an easy-to-give liquid source of vitamins, minerals and iron. This product gives extra support to hunting, performance and field dogs supplying them with the energy they need. Canine Red Cell is fortified with iron and zinc to boost the dog’s immune system and help them recover quickly.
It is also ideal for and commonly used with pregnant and lactating females and older or debilitated dogs and puppies or any dog needing a nutritional boost and lift. It comes in a tasty beef or liver flavor that your pup is sure to enjoy. Through its liquid form, it can be easily and readily administered directly into the mouth or added to food and mixed in food.
Helpful information supplied to those searching for options and answers usually include veterinary advice, consumer reviews, necessary information for proper and safe use, any contraindications on the use of the product with your animal, where and how to purchase specific products and additional suggestions and information on caring for your pet.